Evolutionary Ecology

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In Press

Han C.S., Gosden T.P., Dingemanse N.J. 2019. Protein deprivation facilitates the independent evolution of behavior and morphology. Evolution, In Press.

Huttfluss A., Dingemanse N.J. 2019. Human recreation reduces clutch size in great tits Parus major regardless of risk-taking personality. Behavioral Ecology, In Press.

Jäger H.Y., Han C.S., Dingemanse N.J. 2019. Social experiences shape behavioral individuality and within-individual stability. Behavioral Ecology, In Press.

Mutzel A., Olsen A-L., Mathot K., Araya-Ajoy Y., Nicolaus M., Wijmenga J., Wright J., Kempenaers B., Dingemanse N.J. 2019. Effects of manipulated levels of predation threat on parental provisioning and nestling begging. Behavioral Ecology, In Press.

Kelleher S., Silla A., Niemelä P., Dingemanse N.J., Byrne P. 2019. Dietary carotenoids affect the development of individual differences and behavioral plasticity. Behavioral Ecology, In Press

Moirón M., Araya-Ajoy Y.G., Mathot K.J., Mouchet A., & Dingemanse N.J. 2019. Functional relations between body mass and risk-taking behavior in wild great tits. Behavioral Ecology, In Press.



Abbey-Lee R.N., Dingemanse N.J. 2019. Adaptive individual variation in phenological responses to perceived predation levels. Nature Communications 10:1601.

Magris M. & Tuni C. Enough for all: no mating effort adjustment with varying mating opportunities. Behavioural Ecology arz102, https://doi.org/10.1093/beheco/arz102.

Mathot K.J., Dingemanse N.J., & Nakagawa S. 2019. The covariance between metabolic rate and behaviour varies across behaviours and thermal types: meta-analytic insights. Biological Reviews 94: 1056-1074.

Niemela P.T., Niehoff P., Gasparin C., Dingemanse N.J., Tuni C. 2019. Crickets become behaviourally more stable when raised under higher temperatures. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology: 73-81.

Niemela P., Niehoff P.P., Gasparini C., Dingemanse N.J. & Tuni C. Crickets become behaviourally stable when raised under higher temperatures. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 73:81.

Radchuk V, et al. 2019. Adaptive responses of animals to climate change are most likely insufficient. Nature Communications, 10:3109.

Tuni C., Mestre L., Berger-Tal R., Lubin Y. & Bilde T. Mate choice in naturally inbred spiders: testing the role of relatedness. Animal Behaviour, 157:27-33.

Tuni C., Mizerakis V.L. & Dingemanse N.J. Experimental evidence that winning or losing a fight does not affect sperm quality in a field cricket. Ethology, 00: 1– 5.

Wang D., Forstmeier W., Valcu M., Dingemanse N.J., Bulla M., Both C., Duckworth R.A., Kiere L.M., Karell K., Albrecht T., Kempenaers B. 2019. Scrutinizing assortative mating in birds. PLOS Biology 17: e3000156.

Wright J., Boldstad G., Araya-Ajoy Y.G., & Dingemanse N.J. 2019. Life-history evolution under fluctuating density-dependent selection and the adaptive alignment of pace-of-life-syndromes. Biological Reviews 94 230-247.


Abbey-Lee R., Araya-Ajoy Y.G., Mouchet A., Moiron M; Stuber E; Kempenaers B & Dingemanse N.J. 2018. Does perceived predation risk affect patterns of extra-pair paternity? A field experiment in a passerine bird. Functional Ecology 32:1001-1010.

Araya-Ajoy Y.G., Boldstad G.H., Brommer J., Careau V., Dingemanse N.J., Wright J. 2018. Demographic measures of an individual's "pace of life": fecundity rate, lifespan, generation time or a composite variable? Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 72:UNSP 75.

Dammhahn M., Dingemanse N.J., Niemelä P.T., Réale D. 2018. Pace-of-life syndromes: a framework for the adaptive integration of behaviour, physiology and life history, Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 72:62.

Gasparini C., Lu C., Dingemanse N.J, Tuni C. 2018. Paternal-effects in a terrestrial ectotherm are temperature dependent but no evidence for adaptive effects. Functional Ecology 32(4):1011-1021.

Han CS, Tuni C, Ulcik J, & Dingemanse NJ. 2018. Increased developmental density decreases the magnitude of indirect genetic effects expressed during agonistic interactions in an insect. Evolution 72:2435-2448.

Moiron M., Mathot K.J & Dingemanse N.J. 2018. To eat and not be eaten: diurnal mass gain and foraging strategies in wintering great tits. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 1874: 20172868.

Niemela P.T., Dingemanse N.J. 2018. Meta-analysis reveals weak associations between intrinsic state and personality. Proceedings B, 285: 20172823.

Niemelä PT & Dingemanse NJ. 2018. On the usage of single measurements in behavioural ecology research on individual differences. Animal Behaviour 145:99-105.

Tuni C, Han CS, & Dingemanse NJ. 2018. Multiple biological mechanisms result in correlations between pre- and post-mating traits that differ among versus within individuals and genotypes. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 285: 20180951.

van Overveld T, et al. 2018. Food predictability and social status drive individual resource specializations in a territorial vulture. Scientific Reports 8:15155.



Allegue H., et al. 2017. Statistical Quantification of Individiual Differences (SQuID): an educational and statistical tool for understanding multilevel phenotypic data in linear mixed models. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 8, 257-267.

Araya-Ajoy Y.G. & Dingemanse N.J. 2017. Repeatability, heritability, and age-dependence of seasonal plasticity in aggressiveness in a wild passerine bird. Journal of Animal Ecology, 86, 227-238.

Class B., Dingemanse N.J., Araya-Ajoy Y.G., Brommer J.E. 2017. A statistical methodology for estimating assortative mating for phenotypic traits that are labile or measured with error. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 8, 1910-1919.

Dingemanse N.J. 2017. The role of personality research in contemporary behavioral ecology: a comment on Beekman and Jordan. Behavioral Ecology, 28, 624-625.

Ghislandi P.G., Beyer M., Velado P., Tuni C. 2017. Silk wrapping of nuptial gifts aids cheating behavior in male spiders. Behavioral Ecology, 28, 744-749.

Han C.S. & Dingemanse N.J. 2017. You are what you eat: diet shapes body composition, personality, and behavioural stability. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 17, 8.

Han C.S. & Dingemanse N.J. 2017. Protein deprivation decreases male survival and the intensity of sexual antagonism in Southern field crickets Gryllus bimaculatus. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 30, 839-847.

Han C.S. & Dingemanse N.J. 2017. Sex-dependent expression of behavioural genetic architectures and the evolution of sexual dimorphism. Proceedings B, 284, 1864.

Kelleher S.R., Silla A.J., Dingemanse N.J. , Byrne P. Body size predicts between-individual differences in exploration behaviour in the southern corroboree frog. Animal Behaviour, 129, 161-170.

Mathot K.J., Olsen A.-L., Mutzel A., Araya-Ajoy Y.G., Nicolaus M., Westneat D, Wright J., Kempenaers B., Dingemanse N.J. 2017. Provisioning tactics of great tits in response to long-term brood manipulations differ across years. Behavioral Ecology, 28, 1402-1413.

Niemelä P.T. & Dingemanse N.J. 2017. Trustworthiness of online beer ratings as a source of social information. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 61, 24.

Niemelä P.T., Dingemanse N.J. 2017. Individual versus pseudo-repeatability in behaviour: lessons from translocation experiments in a wild insect. Journal of Animal Ecology, 86, 1033-1043.

Santostefano F., Wilson A.J., Niemelä P.T., Dingemanse N.J. 2017. Indirect genetic effects: a key component of the genetic architecture of behaviour. Scientific Reports, 7, 10235.

Santostefano F., Wilson A.J., Niemelä P.T., Dingemanse N.J. 2017. Behavioural mediators of genetic life-history trade-offs: a test of the pace-of-life syndrome hypothesis in field crickets. Proceedings B, 284, 1864.

Senar J.C., Garamszegi L.Z., Tilgar V., Biard C., Moreno-Rueda G., Salmón P., Rivas J.M., Sprau P., Dingemanse N.J., Charmantier A. 2017. Urban great tits (Parus major) show higher distress calling and pecking rates than rural birds across Europe. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 5, 163.

Serrano-Davies E., Araya-Ajoy Y.G., Dingemanse N.J., Sanz J.J. 2017. Personality-related differences in response to habitat in Mediterranean blue tits. Ethology, 123, 861-869.

Sprau P. & Dingemanse N.J. 2017. An approach to distinguish between plasticity and non-random distributions of behavioural types along urban gradients in a wild passerine bird. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 5, 92.

Sprau P., Mouchet A., Dingemanse N.J. 2017. Multi-dimensional environmental predictors of variation in avian forest and city life-histories. Behavioral Ecology, 28, 59-68.

Stuber E., Dingemanse N.J., Mueller J. 2017. Temperature affects frequency but not rhythmicity of nocturnal awakenings in free-living great tits. Animal Behaviour, 128, 135-141.

Tuni C., Weber S., Bilde T., Uhl G. 2017. Male spiders reduce pre- and post-mating sexual investment in response to sperm competition risk. Behavioral Ecology, 28, 1030-1036.

Vincze E., Seress G., Lagisz M., Nakagawa S., Dingemanse N.J., Sprau P. Does urbanization affect predation of bird nests? A meta-analysis. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 5, 29.



Abbey-Lee R., Kaiser A., Mouchet A., Dingemanse N.J. 2016. Immediate and carry-over effects of perceived predation risk on communication behavior in wild birds. Behavioral Ecology, 27, 708-716.

Abbey-Lee R., Mathot K.M., Dingemanse N.J. 2016. Behavioral and morphological responses to perceived predation risk: a field experiment in passerines. Behavioral Ecology, 27, 857-864.

Araya-Ajoy Y.G., Dingemanse N.J. & Kempenaers B. 2016. Timing of extra-pair fertilizations: trade-offs or pair synchrony spill-overs? Behavioral Ecology, 27, 377-384 .

Araya-Ajoy Y.G., Kuhn S., Mathot K.J., Mouchet A., Mutzel A., Nicolaus M., Wijmenga J., Kempenaers B., Dingemanse N.J. 2016. Sources of (co)variation in the alternative siring routes available to male great tits (Parus major). Evolution, 70, 2308-2321.

Berger-Tal R., Berner-Aharon N., Aharon S., Tuni C. & Lubin Y. 2016. Good reasons to leave home: proximate dispersal cues in a social spider. Journal of Animal Ecology, 85, 1035-1042.

Han C.S. & Jablonski P.G. 2016. Predators induce conditions for size-dependent alternative reproductive tactics in a water strider male. Animal Behaviour, 111, 271-279.

Han C.S., Santostefano, F. & Dingemanse, N.J. 2016. Do social partners affect same-sex behaviour in male water striders? Animal Behaviour, 116, 53-59.

Han C.S., Jaeger H. & Dingemanse N.J. 2016. Individuality in nutritional preferences: a multi-level approach in field crickets. Scientific Reports, 6, 29071.

Mathot K.J., Abbey-Lee R.N., Kempenaers B., Dingemanse N.J. 2016. Do great tits (Parus major) suppress basal metabolic rate in response to increased perceived predation danger? A field experiment. Physiology & Behaviour, 164, 400-406.

Mils JA. et al. 2016. Solutions for archiving data in long-term studies: A Reply to Whitlock et al. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 31, 85-87.

Moiron M., Mathot K.J. & Dingemanse N.J. 2016. A multi-level approach to quantify speed-accuracy trade-offs in great tits (Parus major). Behavioral Ecology, 27, 1539-1546.

Nicolaus M., Piault R., Ubels R., Tinbergen J.M. & Dingemanse N.J. 2016. The correlation between colouration and exploration behaviour varies across hierarchical levels in a wild passerine bird. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 29, 1780-1792.

Nicolaus M., Tinbergen J.M., Ubels R., Both C. & Dingemanse N.J. 2016. Density fluctuations represent a key process maintaining personality variation in a wild passerine bird. Ecology Letters, 19, 478-486.

Santostefano F., Wilson A.J., Araya-Ajoy Y.G. & Dingemanse N.J. 2016. Interacting with the enemy: indirect effects of personality on conspecific aggression in field crickets. Behavioral Ecology, 24, 1235-1246.

Stuber E.F., Baumgarter C., Dingemanse N.J., Kempenaers B. & Mueller J.C. 2016. Genetic correlates of individual differences in sleep behaviour in free-living great tits (Parus major). G3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics, 6, 599-607.

Tuni C., Perdigón Ferreira J., Fritz Y., Munoz Meneses A. & Gasparini C. 2016. Impaired sperm quality and delayed mating but no costs for offspring fitness in field crickets winning a fight. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 29, 1643-1647.top 


Araya-Ajoy Y.G., Mathot, K.M., & Dingemanse N.J. 2015. An approach to estimate short-term, long-term and reaction norm repeatability. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 6, 1462–1473.

Berger-Tal R., Lubin Y., Settepani V., Mejer M., Bilde T. & Tuni C. 2015. Evidence for loss of nepotism in the evolution of permanent sociality. Scientific Reports 5, 13284.

Dingemanse N.J. & Araya-Ajoy Y.G. 2015. Interacting personalities: behavioural ecology meets quantitative genetics. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 30, 88-97.

Ghislandi P., Bilde T. & Tuni C. 2015. Extreme male mating behaviours: anecdotes in a nuptial feeding spider. Arachnology 16: 273-275.

Hall M.L., van Asten T.T., Katsis A.C., Dingemanse N.J. Magrath M.J.L. & Mulder R.A. 2015. Animal personality and pace-of-life syndromes: do fast-exploring fairy-wrens die young? Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 3, 28.

Han C.S. & Dingemanse N.J. 2015. Effect of diet on the structure of animal personality. Frontiers in Zoology 12(Suppl 1), S5.

Han C.S., Jablonski P.G. & Brooks R.C. 2015. Intimidating courtship and sex-related differences in predation risk lead to sex-specific behavioural syndromes in a water strider. Animal Behaviour. 109,177-185.

Han C.S. & Brooks R.C. 2015. Same-sex sexual behaviour as a by-product of reproductive strategy under scramble male-male competition. Animal Behaviour. 108, 193-197.

Mathot K.J. & Dingemanse N.J. 2015. Energetics and behaviour: reply to Careau and Garland. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 30, 367-368.

Mathot K.J. & Dingemanse N.J. 2015. Studies linking energetics and behaviour: unrequited needs and new directions. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 30, 199-206.

Mathot K.J. & Dingemanse N.J. 2015. Personality and Plasticity. In: Integrative Organismal Biology (Ed. by Martin, L.B., Ghalambor, C.K. & Woods, H.A.) Willey Scientific, pp. 55-69.

Mathot K.J., Nicolaus M., Araya-Ajoy Y.G., Dingemanse N.J. & Kempenaers B. 2015. Does metabolic rate predict risk-taking behaviour: a field experiment in a wild passerine bird. Functional Ecology 29, 239-249.

Mestre L., Rodríguez-Teijeiro J.D. & Tuni C. 2015. Females of the cellar spider discriminate against previous mates. Ethology 121: 994-1001.

Mils JA. et al. Archiving primary data: solutions for long-term studies. 2015. Trends Ecol. Evol. 30, 581-589.

Niemelä P., Lattenkamp E.Z. & Dingemanse N.J. 2015. Personality-related survival and sampling bias in wild cricket nymphs. Behavioral Ecology, 26, 936-946.

Sih A., Mathot K.J., Moirón M., Montiglio P.O., Wolf M. & Dingemanse N.J. 2015. Animal personality and state-behaviour feedbacks: a review and guide for empiricists. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 30, 50-60.

Stuber E.F., Mathot K.J., Kempenaers B., Dingemanse N.J., Mueller J.C. 2015. Sex-specific association between sleep and basal metabolic rate in great tits. Animal Behaviour, 109, 15-22.

Stuber E.F., Dingemanse N.J., Kempenaers B., Mueller J.C. 2015. Sources of intraspecific variation in sleep behaviour of wild great tits (Parus major). Animal Behaviour, 106, 201-221.

Westneat D.F., Wright J. & Dingemanse N.J. 2015. The biology hidden inside residual within-individual phenotypic variation. Biological Reviews, 90, 729-743. top


Araya-Ajoy J.G. & Dingemanse N.J. 2014. Characterizing behavioural 'characters': an evolutionary framework. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B, 281, 20132645

Baugh A.T., van Oers K., Dingemanse N.J. & Hau E. 2014. Baseline and stress-induced glucocorticoid concentrations are not repeatable but covary within individual great tits (Parus major). General and Comparative Endocrinology, 208, 154-163.

Dingemanse N.J. & Dochtermann N.A. 2014. Individual Behaviour: Behavioural Ecology meets Quantitative Genetics. In: Quantitative Genetics in the Wild (Ed. by Charmantier, A., Garant, D. & Kruuk, L.E.B.) Oxford University Press, pp. 54-67.

Mueller J.C., Edelaar P., Carrete M., Serrano D., Potti J., Blas J., Dingemanse N.J., Kempenaers B. & Tella J.L. 2014. Behaviour-related DRD4 polymorphisms in invasive bird populations. Molecular Ecology, 23, 2876-2885.

Nicolaus M., Mathot K.J., Araya-Ajoy Y.G., Mutzel A., Wijmenga J.J., Kempenaers B. & Dingemanse N.J. 2014. Does coping style predict optimization: an experimental test in a wild passerine bird. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B, 282, 20142405.

Niemelä P.T. & Dingemanse N.J. 2014. Artificial environments and the study of ‘adaptive’ personalities. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 29, 245-247.

Stuber E.F., Grobis M.M., Abbey-Lee R., Kempenaers B., Mueller J.C. & Dingemanse N.J.2014 Perceived predation risk affects sleep behaviour in free-living great tits, Parus major. Animal Behaviour, 98, 157-165. top


Dingemanse, N.J. & Dochtermann, N.A. 2013. Quantifying individual variation in behaviour: mixed-effect modelling approaches. Journal of Animal Ecology, 82, 39-54.

Dingemanse, N.J. & Wolf, M. 2013. Between-individual differences in behavioural plasticity: causes and consequences. Animal Behaviour, 85, 1031-1039.

Dingemanse, N.J. & Réale, D. 2013. What is the evidence for natural selection maintaining animal personality variation? In: Animal Personalities: Behaviour, Physiology, and Evolution (Ed. by Carere, C. & Maestripieri, D.) Chicago: Chicago University Press.

Dochtermann, N.A. & Dingemanse, N.J. 2013. Behavioral syndromes as evolutionary constraints. Behavioral Ecology, 24, 806-811.

Mueller, J.C., Korsten, P., Hermannstädter, C., Feulner, T., Dingemanse, N.J., Matthysen, E., van Oers, K., Overveld, T., Patrick, S.C., Quinn, J.L., Riemenschneider, M., Tinbergen, J.M. & Kempenaers, B. 2013. Haplotype structure, adaptive history and associations with exploratory behaviour of the DRD4 region in four great tit (Parus major) populations. Molecular Ecology, 22, 2797-2809.

Mutzel, A., Dingemanse, N.J., Araya-Ajoy, Y.G. & Kempenaers, B. 2013. Parental provisioning behaviour plays a key role in linking personality with reproductive success. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences, 280, 20131019.

Mutzel, A., Blom, M.P.K., Spagopouloua, F., Wright, J., Dingemanse, N.J. & Kempenaers, B. 2013. Temporal trade-offs between nestling provisioning and defence against nest predators in blue tits. Animal Behaviour, 85, 1459-1469.

Nicolaus, M., Brommer, J.E., Ubels, R., Tinbergen, J.M. & Dingemanse, N.J. 2013. Exploring patterns of variation in clutch size-density reaction norms in a wild passerine bird. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 26, 2031-2043.

Niemelä, P., Dingemanse, N.J., Alioravainen, N., Vainikka, A. & Kortet, R. 2013. Personality pace-of-life hypothesis: testing genetic associations among personality and life-history. Behavioral Ecology, 24, 935-941.

Stuber, E.F., Araya-Ajoy, J.G., Mathot, KJ., Nicolaus, M., Wijmenga, J.J., Mueller, J.C. & Dingemanse, N.J. 2013. Slow explorers take less risk: a problem of sampling bias in ecological studies. Behavioral Ecology, 24, 1092-1098.

Wilson, A.D.M., Krause, S., Dingemanse, N.J. & Krause, J. 2013. Network position: a key component in the characterization of social personality types. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 67, 163-173.



Carrete, M., Edelaar, P., Blas, J., Serrano, D., Potti, J., Dingemanse, N.J. & Tella, J.L. 2012. Don't neglect pre-establishment individual selection in deliberate introductions. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 27, 67-68.

Dall, S.R.X., Gosling, S.D., Brown, G.D., Dingemanse, N.J., Erev, I., Kocher, M., Schultz, L., Todd, P.M., Weissing, F.J. & Wolf, M. 2012. Variation in Decision Making. In: Evolution and the Mechanisms of Decision Making (Ed. by Hammerstein, P. & Stevens, J.R.) Cambridge: MA: MIT Press.

Dingemanse, N.J., Barber, I., Wright, J. & Brommer, J.E. 2012. Quantitative genetics of behavioural reaction norms: genetic correlations between personality and behavioural plasticity vary across stickleback populations. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 25, 485-496.

Dingemanse, N.J., Bouwman, K.M., van de Pol, M., van Overveld, T., Patrick, S.C., Matthysen, E. & Quinn, J.L. 2012. Variation in personality and behavioural plasticity across four populations of the great tit Parus major. Journal of Animal Ecology, 81, 116-126.

Dingemanse, N.J., Dochtermann, N.A. & Nakagawa, S. 2012. Defining behavioural syndromes and the role of "syndrome deviation" to study its evolution. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 66, 1543-1548.

Dingemanse, N.J. & Wolf, M. 2012. Biological Analogs of Personality. In: Evolving the Mechanisms of Decision Making: Toward a Darwinian Decision Theory (Ed. by Hammerstein, P. & Stevens, J.R.) Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Mathot, KJ., Wright, J., Kempenaers, B. & Dingemanse, N.J. 2012. Adaptive strategies for managing uncertainty may explain personality-related differences in behavioural plasticity. Oikos, 121, 1009-1020.

Nicolaus, M., Tinbergen, J.M., Bouwman, K.M., Michler, S.P.M., Ubels, R., Both, C., Kempenaers, B. & Dingemanse, N.J. 2012. Experimental evidence for adaptive personalities in a wild passerine bird. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B, 279, 4885-4892.

Réale, D. & Dingemanse, N.J. 2012. Animal personality. Encyclopedia of Life Sciences.

Sprenger, D.S., Dingemanse, N.J., Dochtermann, N.A., Theobald, J. & Walker, S.P.W. 2012. Aggressive females become aggressive males in a sex-changing reef fish. Ecology Letters, 15, 986-992.

Von Beeren, C., Hashim, R. & Witte, V. 2012. The social integration of a myrmecophilous spider does not depend exclusively on chemical mimicry. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 38, 262-271.

Von Beeren, C., Pohl, S. & Witte, V. 2012. On the Use of Adaptive Resemblance Terms in Chemical Ecology. Psyche: A Journal of Entomology, 2012, 1–7.